There has been a call for further research regarding immigrant experience in second? and third?tier Canadian cities. This study examines perceptions of immigrant quality of life (QOL) in three smaller urban areas: 1) Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island; 2) Hamilton, Ontario; and, 3) Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The underlying objective is to further our knowledge of immigrants' perceptions of QOL in these smaller centres and, in so doing, contribute to the understanding of immigrant integration and adaptation. This article employed a mixed?methods approach consisting of a household?based telephone survey (n=1,529) and a series of focus groups (n=11). Four components of QOL were examined: 1) overall perceptions of QOL, 2) the direction in which research respondents feel their city is headed, 3) perceptions of the quality of schools and recreation programs in the research respondent's neighbourhood, and 4) cultural integration. The research found that immigrants have lower perceptions of QOL than Canadian?born individuals, a finding that echoes research into immigrant QOL in the country's largest urban centres.
The Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe canadien
sense of place
Full Text URL:
Williams, A.M, K.itchen, P., Randall, J., Muhajarine, N.,Newbold, B., Gallina, M., & Wilson, K. (2015). Immigrants' perceptions of air quality of life in three second- or third-tier Canadian cities. The Canadian Geographer / Le Geographe canadien, 59, 489-503. doi:10.1111/cag.12221